True Garlic Seeds for 2019
Update: As of March the seeds collected in 2018 are mostly cleaned and weighed. Around 10,000 seeds were procured, half of which are being started here. The remainder are available for purchase. In addition there are still freezer stored seeds available from what was collected from the 2017 season. Last year overall average germination was 20% here. In the end around 450 seedlings were transplanted. Many of the resulting plants were weak or vigorous mutants. Most of them never senesced and will mature in 2019. There’s been a lot of inquiry from those who wish to grow out garlic like they would onions from seed or develop locally adapted varieties. The former is just not realistic and the latter occurs from selection of resultant progeny over successive generations. Either way, TGS is a multi-year and often labor intensive process requiring patience and perseverance. Like any breeding project it can be both discouraging and very rewarding, though always an experience of learning.
Much thanks to Andrew and Sarah at Adaptive Seeds for their hospitality and letting me use their seed cleaning equipment, including the amazing Winnow Wizard designed by Marc Luterra. Hopefully the Winnow Wizard blowing lighter seeds will help to improve germination. Either way between that and the array of screens available greatly reduced the time and tedium of winnowing thousands of seeds from dozens of samples.
True Garlic Seed has a low germination rate. With each generation germ rate improves but expect as low as 10% and as high as 40%. Seeds require vernalization. We soak seeds in a 1% bleach solution followed by a rinse and a month under refrigeration before seeding into flats or plugs. Germination is inconsistent and can occur from a few days, a few weeks and even a couple months! It is recommended to read this article before endeavoring on this. TGS is not a commercially viable means of propagating garlic. It is experimental and offers the possibility of introducing variation into a gene-pool limited by millennia of asexual propagation, of obtaining virus free stock, potentials for disease resistance, of combining traits that cross groups or defy categorization, in short, creating something new.
We come up with names for garlic clones when offered for sale but prior to that Ted Meredith came up with a naming convention used to track seeds/progeny. So if the following names make no sense, it may be worth looking at this. The generation of the actual seeds is listed here, so the named variety is the previous one.
Seeds should be vernalized immediately upon arrival.
Prices are $15 for .18g+ or approximately 100 seeds. Shipping is $8 for USPS priority mail or $4 for 1st class mail. Garlicana is not set up for the phytosanitary inspection required for international shipping.
A note on quantities. After having repeatedly counted and weighed 100 seeds, it varies between .16g. and .19g. thus the approximation.
Lastly, feedback is welcome. This remains very experimental and up until now the seeds were coveted. The seeds you receive are a culmination of years of work and i’m interested to know how these babies do for you.
S15 W6 27977 A #s 2 & 6 S17. This seed is 2nd generation. The 77As have been the most prolific seed producers, surpassing even Chimyan. These are available in 200 seed quantities for $25. These seeds were collected in the 2017 season and stored in the freezer.
S15 W6 27977A S18 This is a blend of 2nd gen progeny of the 77A line including #s 2,4,6,8 and 9. The morphology of the plants and bulbs from which these seeds were derived actually showed significant diversity. There was overlap during anthesis so crossing was possible between them. These are also available individually upon request.
S11/12 Ivan S15A S18 and
S12/13 Ivan S15 A&E S18
Seeds given to us by Ivan Buddenhagen have resulted in dozens of clones but we have retained three lines. Two of those are on offer here. The clones are, for the most part, not that different from each other, unlike the 77A lines. Anything we were unimpressed with was dropped. The bulbs are large, symmetrical, appearing Purple Stripe though not as quite colorful inner wrappers as we had hoped for. The plants are vigorous though mature late, have very good flavor and as of March are still of fine eating quality, albeit better cooked than raw. What is most remarkable though is that the umbels are huge and don’t seem to require bulbil removal to flower and produce seed. That said, the bulbils readily shed if you bump up against them and in the interest of not creating a carpet of garlic plants the following season, it’s advisable to collect them anyway. Seed yields from all of these have been high and germination above average.
S11 Azataza S15 #s 1 & 14 S18:
The original Azataza appeared Porcelain though appears as an outlier in the ’04 Ft Collins study. The first gen progeny, Tazatazat, yielded a plethora of seeds. Of these were upwards of 26 2nd generation progeny which showed a remarkable level of diversity including traits of Marbled, Porcelain, Glazed and Purple Stripe types. We are gradually roguing out varieties that express less than desirous traits but so many are impressive, this has been challenging. That said, they most are not nearly as prolific seed producers as either the 77A or Ivan lines. This is a mix of #1 & #14.
Random mix: As the seeds are drying out in their umbels, inevitably pods will open up and drop seeds onto the table. Even picking them up to thresh will result in fallen seeds. There were over 25 accession from which TGS was collected and this mix is an assemblage of all the seeds that have dropped including those not included in the offerings above. Given that the 77A lines are the most prolific, we assume they will feature heavily in this mix.