ASIATIC: there is wide variation between Asiatic strains. Asia is a large continent with radically diverse climates, peoples, as well as garlics. Generally, these are garlics that migrated east from Central Asia, through China and out to the Pacific coast. Some of these varieties will shoot up and mature early, while others are among the last to emerge and mature mid season. They have divergent leaf shapes and growth habits as well as bulb shapes and clove configurations. One thing they share in common is a distinctive umbel capsule which can become quite elongated, sometimes containing very large dark purple bulbils. At Garlicana most Asiatic strains will produce bulbils low or midway up the stem. While it is unnecessary to remove the scape to achieve a sizable head, it doesn’t hurt either. These are listed roughly in order of maturity. Clove count per pound is highly variable between strains. Asiatics are $8 per ¼ lb; $14 per ½ lb; $20 per lb.
Laos (W6 35700) From Louangphrabang, Laos. This small, irregularly shaped garlic has a sweet spicy flavor. It has very droopy frond like leaves and matures very early. It may perform better in a milder winter climate but here it is still adapting and is more of a curiosity for the alliaphile than a marketable strain. ¼ lb. limit
Singing Falls (W6 35698) A neighbor found a clump of this unusual garlic growing in her yard. It had been grown by a previous owner who died in the 70s and it was growing feral until 2003. Given its morphology, it fits in with other garlics of east Asian origin and it’s also possible that it came with Chinese immigrants who began settling in SW Oregon in the mid 19th century. Singing Falls is named for a waterfall, close to where the garlic was growing where indigenous women had their birthing ceremonies. The plants have extremely vertical leaf architecture and the spathes are often translucent revealing multiple sets of scapes within. It matures very early and has small to medium bulbs, white with purple blushing and 8-14 mahogany colored cloves. It’s skins are thick and easy to peel. The flavor is rich, complex and best appreciated raw when the garlic is still fresh and juicy. 2 lb. limit
Russian Redstreak: it is claimed to be a mutation of the Rocambole strain Russian Red, this variety produces large bulbs with beautiful purple-white streaked overlapping wrappers with 4-6 enormous dark purple cloves. The plants are short with a lazily sprawling growth habit. Bulbils frequently form just above the main bulb. The taste is like a fireball across the tongue which holds up over its long storage life. 2 lb. limit
Sakura (W6 35658) aka Japanese, from an elderly Japanese gardener in WA state. It has broad closely spaced leaves, with bulbils that form mid stem and matures early. It produces large white bulbs with 5-7 plump cloves. Sakura bulbs can quickly overmature, opening up during curing so special attention is beneficial near harvest time. Sakura has the sweetest flavor of all garlics trialed here; quite pleasant eaten raw. 5 lb. limit
Mid Season Maturing
Takayama: from a market in the highland city of Takayama, central Japan. The plants emerge and have rigid vertical leaves, towering over other Asiatic strains. Despite it’s early growth, it matures along with the later varieties below. It has rich, complex flavor with a slow build to a piquant finish. It has adapted very well here producing medium-large very tight bulbs with purple blushing and 5-6 dark colored cloves. Good storage. 2 lb. limit, large bulbils available.
Pyongyang: from the countryside surrounding the North Korean capital. It has wide, pale leaves and sprawling growth habit. Purple streaked white bulbs with 6-8 crimson-purple, tear drop shaped cloves on medium sized bulbs. It has a bright, spicy flavor, astounding volatility and a lengthy shelf life. While late to emerge, it matures mid season. 10 lb. limit
Asian Tempest (PI 615431) from South Korea. Medium to large bulbs with 6-8 plump, conical cloves, it’s the last Asiatic to mature. It has a bright, hot flavor and pretty good storage. 5 lb. limit
Munhung another North Korean variety. This has white wrappers with some purple streaking and blushing on the cloves. Medium heat building to a late bite on the back of the palette raw. 1 lb. limit
Wonha: 20 miles north of Pyongyang lies the village of Wonha where this garlic is from. It has 4-7 plump purple cloves and a flavor that builds to a bright heat which quickly fades. 1 lb. limit